Although many research have been performed on proprietor separation issues in canine, little work has been executed to evaluate potential separation-related issues in cats. Regardless of the frequent perception that cats are completely happy being left alone for lengthy durations of time, latest research in cats and their house owners recommend that pet cats are social and develop bonds with their house owners.
In an effort to assess separation-related issues in cats, de Souza Machado and colleagues developed a questionnaire to be used with cat house owners. Based mostly on surveys in comparable research with canine, the questionnaire requested house owners to supply primary info on every cat; describe whether or not their cat displayed sure behaviors when the proprietor was absent; and describe themselves and their cat interactions, in addition to the cat’s dwelling atmosphere. The questionnaire was given to 130 house owners of grownup cats dwelling within the metropolis of Juiz de Fora in Minas Gerais, Brazil, for a complete of 223 accomplished questionnaires (one per cat).
After assessing and categorizing responses for every class, the authors statistically analyzed their outcomes. The info confirmed 13.5 % of the sampled cats (30 out of 223) met not less than one of many standards for separation-related issues, with damaging behaviour most frequently-reported (current in 20 of the 30 cats). The opposite behaviors or psychological states recognized have been: extreme vocalization (19 out of 30 cats), inappropriate urination (18 cats), depression-apathy (16 cats), aggressiveness (11 cats), agitation-anxiety (11 cats) and inappropriate defecation (7 cats). The info additionally confirmed these cats have been related to households with no feminine residents, households with house owners aged 18 to 35 years, and/or households with not less than two feminine residents, in addition to with not getting access to toys (P=0.04) and/or having no different animal in the home.
This questionnaire nonetheless requires additional validation based mostly on direct remark of cat conduct. It is also restricted by a reliance on house owners with the ability to precisely interpret and report their cats’ actions of their absence (as an illustration, scratching on surfaces is regular in cats, although some house owners might contemplate it damaging).
Though there’s extra work to be executed elucidating the connection between people and pet cats, this questionnaire can act as a place to begin for future analysis, along with indicating sure environmental elements (like toys) that might assist cats with separation points.
The authors add: “This research offers details about behavioral indicators according to separation-related issues (SRP) in a sampled inhabitants of home cats, in addition to in regards to the administration practices utilized by their house owners. The questionnaire recognized that about 13% of cats might have indicators according to SRP in response to their house owners’ stories, and due to this fact, it may very well be a promising device for future analysis investigating SRP in cats.”